Most rural properties are too far from a local hub to support cable or DSL Internet
connections, these initiatives are, unfortunately, sporadic and slow to implement. In the meantime, those who live off the cable internet grid are left to blaze their own trail.
If cable internet providers like Time Warner Cable, Charter, or Earthlink don’t cover your rural property, there are other internet options for the resourceful to discover. This quick reference sheet
A Mobile 4G LTE represents one of the four options
outlines the effectiveness and costliness of four cable alternatives: mobile broadband, satellite, T1 lines, and dial-up. It contains the fast facts you need to make an informed, empowered decision about your rural internet coverage.
First on our list is mobile broadband, the internet you get with your cellphone carrier’s data plan. The wireless mobile broadband network sends radio waves between cell towers and the modems in your phone, tablet, e-reader, or laptop. It can also be installed on an external modem to provide Wi-Fi to an entire property, just like cable internet.
Mobile broadband is, usually, the fastest user experience available to rural properties. Unfortunately, 3G or 4G LTE mobile broadband networks do not adequately cover all rural areas (particularly those in mountainous terrain). Poor coverage makes mobile broadband less reliable than satellite, T1 lines, or dial-up in some areas. Check the Rhoonet website https://www.rhoonet.com/search-rural-isps/
to identify all mobile broadband providers operating in your area.
Mobile Internet Router
Download speed: 5-12 Mbps (LTE), 1-4 Mbps (3G)
Upload speed: 2-5 Mbps (LTE), 1 Mbps (3G)
Latency/lag time: 75-100 ms
Service cost: Typically $50-$60/10GB/month
Installation cost: Around $75
Satellite Internet is literally Available Anywhere
The second most popular internet alternative for rural areas is satellite internet. The wireless satellite network sends radio signals between satellite dishes on earth and satellite dishes in geostationary orbit 24,000 miles above earth. It’s not the most efficient system, but it allows satellite providers to beam internet virtually anywhere (including onto boats, mountains, and motor homes).
Technically, satellite internet is faster than mobile broadband, but the signal latency as radio waves travel in and out of space creates significant lags that slow down the user experience.
Satellite internet communication dish sends and receives signals
Download speed: 5-15 Mbps
Upload speed: 1-2 Mbps
Latency/lag time: 500-1500 ms
Service cost: $50-$90/month
Installation cost: Around $500
T-1 Internet provides VoIP and Business Internet
Each T1 line has 24 symmetrical channels operating at the same download and upload speeds, making it an incredibly predictable and reliable technology. The wireline connection transmits signals along the dedicated fiber optic or copper lines with virtually no latency.
In the eighties, T1 lines were absolutely revolutionary. Now, however, they have been outstripped by faster and more economical options like internet over Copper and cable. For those with the budget, T1 is still the most reliable option for rural businesses that cannot install a cable or DSL connection.
With T-1, you have a guaranteed connection for broadband and VoIP services under a service level agreement(SLA).
A T-1 Circuit
Download speed: 1.544 Mbps
Upload speed: 1.544 Mbps
Latency/lag time: 3-5 ms
Service cost: $300 to $1200/month
Installation cost: $1,000 to $45,000, depending on the distance of location to the central office. Keep in mind, you can negotiate some of these fees. Be sure to do your research in terms of actual cost.
If your property is within wireless range of one or two other properties, you can add an 802.11ac wireless router to share the service with your close neighbors and split the monthly billing or even the built up cost.
Dial-up Internet is Alive and Well in Rural America
Amazingly, millions of Americans still connect to the internet using dial-up technology. Dial-up internet is a wireline connection that
These modems (14.4 Kbps) sold for about $49.00 at CompUSA in 1990
sends signals over the public switched telephone network. The connection is not strong enough to support multiple devices at once, so the phone line is connected to a modem that connects directly to the computer via telephone cable.
Dial-up doesn’t require any additional infrastructure, excepting a phone line connected to the public switched telephone network. It is, then, an incredibly accessible and affordable technology. Cheap, however, comes at a price; dial-up connections are painfully slow, particularly when processing today’s high definition online content.
Download speed: 56 Kbps
Upload speed: 34 Kbps
Latency/lag time: 150-200 ms
Service cost: $5-$10/month
Installation cost: Usually free
Coming Soon: Rural Broadband Bonding Series
For businesses and work at home professionals who do not find a complete fit in the options discussed, I will be doing a series in late August on Rural Bonding broadband appliances such as Peplink, Mushroom Network and Multapplied.
Please feel free to tweet this to anyone that might be interested. Thanks!